libssh  0.8.7
The SSH library
Chapter 8: Threads with libssh

How to use libssh with threads

libssh may be used in multithreaded applications, but under several conditions :

  • Your system must support libpthread or, in Windows environment, CriticalSection based mutex control.
  • Since version 0.8.0, threads initialization is called automatically in the library constructor if libssh is dynamically linked. This means it is no longer necessary to call ssh_init()/ssh_finalize().
  • If libssh is statically linked, threading must be initialized by calling ssh_init() before using any of libssh provided functions. This initialization must be done outside of any threading context. Don't forget to call ssh_finalize() to avoid memory leak
  • At all times, you may use different sessions inside threads, make parallel connections, read/write on different sessions and so on. You cannot use a single session (or channels for a single session) in several threads at the same time. This will most likely lead to internal state corruption. This limitation is being worked out and will maybe disappear later.

Initialization of threads

Since version 0.8.0, it is no longer necessary to call ssh_init()/ssh_finalize() if libssh is dynamically linked.

If libssh is statically linked, call ssh_init() before using any of libssh provided functions.

Using libpthread with libssh

Since version 0.8.0, libpthread is the default threads library used by libssh.

To use libpthread, simply link it to you application.

If you are using libssh statically linked, don't forget to call ssh_init() before using any of libssh provided functions (and ssh_finalize() in the end).

Using another threading library

Since version 0.8.0, libssh does not support custom threading libraries. The change makes sense since the newer versions for libcrypto (OpenSSL) and libgcrypt don't support custom threading libraries.

The default used threading library is libpthread. Alternatively, in Windows environment, CriticalSection based mutex control can be used.

If your system does not support libpthread nor CriticalSection based mutex control, unfortunately, you cannot use libssh in multithreaded scenarios.

Good luck !